What kind of signaling should you use? In the "olden days," we had but one choice; "high" meant you liked a suit; "low" showed now interest. High/low showed an even number; up the line was odd. Today, however, many pairs have adopted "UDCA" (upside down count and attitude). Plays have exactly the opposite meaning of what they used to be. The theory is then that lower spots that don't "take tricks" can be used to encourage, preserving potential winners. Other methods are also used by some pairs.
Of course, there is also the issue of when we should signal. Do you always give honest count? Do you always tell partner if you like a suit or not?
Today's column demonstrates that there is much for defenders - and declarer - to consider about this critical part of our game. As always, John presents the issues in a clear and most useful manner.
Our thanks to John for his presentation. And - good luck to him in Fargo, along with all the rest of our players who will be competing at this excellent Labor Day week regional!